Increasing the age of sexual debut, reducing the number of sexual partners, and using condoms are the three primary methods of reducing the risk of acquiring HIV infection. Interventions are needed to encourage people especially men, to remain faithful to one uninfected sexual partner. In recent years, young people are waiting slightly longer to begin sexual activity, and they are now more likely to use condoms. Outspoken leadership from many sectors- government officials, clergy, business leaders, sports figures, etc- in support of the ABCs of prevention would enhance prevention efforts.
Education, counseling and communication campaigns give people the knowledge, skills and support they need to reduce risky behaviors and prevent HIV transmission.
Thus, the "ABC strategy" (Abstinence, Be faithful to one partner or reduce number of partners, or as if "A" or "B" cannot be achieved as use Condoms consistently and correctly) continues to be an appropriate general recommendation. And messages to delay sexual initiation or to begin practicing abstinence even after having been sexually active need to be an integral part of programs to prevent HIV, other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and pregnancy among unmarried youth.